International Justice Mission (IJM) is a global organization that protects the poor from violence throughout the developing world. IJM partners with local authorities to rescue victims of violence, bring criminals to justice, restore survivors, and strengthen justice systems. The largest non-profit organization of its kind, IJM combats slavery, sex trafficking, property grabbing, police abuse of power, and violence against women and children, working in 24 communities throughout South and Southeast Asia, Africa, and Latin America. IJM is headquartered in Washington, DC.
IJM has been working in Ghana since 2014, building strong partnerships with justice system actors and civil society organizations and gaining a deep understanding of the challenges faced in addressing the pervasive problem of human trafficking. IJM has found that the response of Ghanaian justice actors, including police, prosecutors, social workers, and related entities to human trafficking does not entirely reflect investigative and prosecutorial best practice, lacking robust evidence gathering and management, multi-disciplinary coordination, and survivor-focus.
Consequently, IJM’s goal is to sustainably improve the government of Ghana’s capacity to investigate and prosecute human trafficking by building justice sector actors’ technical capacity to identify instances of trafficking, secure survivors, and prosecute perpetrators, providing a multi-disciplinary, survivor-centered response. IJM will achieve this goal by increasing the knowledge base and skill sets of justice sector actors to address human trafficking and by advocating for greater allocation of resources and personnel by the Ghanaian government to institutions charged with addressing human trafficking.
IJM calls for applications to complete an evaluation of its project funded by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP) within the US Department of State. The evaluation should identify changes in the Ghanaian justice sector’s response to trafficking crimes and evaluate the extent to which IJM’s activities contributed to these changes. The evaluation should assess the relevance, engagement of stakeholders, quality, efficiency, and sustainability of the project.
The findings, conclusions, and recommendations from the project evaluation will be shared with IJM leadership to measure project success and inform decisions regarding future planning, design, and management of justice system transformation programs. Additionally, results will be shared with stakeholders in the Ghanaian government, partner organizations, and with the funding institution (J/TIP) to share lessons learned and inform decisions regarding future planning, design, and management of projects addressing human trafficking.
J/TIP Project Background
Begun in October 2019, IJM’s project with J/TIP to address human trafficking in Ghana is based on IJM’s theory of change that strong public justice systems contribute to lower prevalence of trafficking in project geographies. IJM conducted two projects funded by the US Department of State simultaneously – the project under evaluation and a project funded by the Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL). The J/TIP and INL projects were designed and implemented in tandem to augment results; however, only the J/TIP project is set to be evaluated.
The project under evaluation pursued the following objectives:
- Increase the knowledge base and skill sets of justice sector actors to address human trafficking, particularly in investigations, prosecutions, and survivor care.
- Advocate for increased financial and personnel resources allocated to justice sector institutions by the Ghanaian government to address the problem of human trafficking.
Key stakeholders in Ghana included: State Attorneys, Police Prosecutors, court officials, Department of Social Welfare officers (social workers), the Judicial Training Institute, Judiciary, Directorate of Public Prosecutions, Ghana Police Service, Ministry of Finance, Human Trafficking Secretariate of the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection, INGOs, and members of the Coalition of NGOs Against Child Trafficking (CNACT).
In August 2021, IJM will conclude project activities in preparation for the evaluation to be conducted prior to the end of project funding in September. However, the related project funded by INL is set to end in September 2023. Results from this evaluation will inform the continuation of activities within the INL project to increase project sustainability.
Project Evaluation Approach, Process, and Methods
The consultant should collect and analyze data through desk review, stakeholder interviews, review of program data, and field visits. The consultancy team should speak with a range of stakeholders in Ghana, including stakeholders not selected or recommended by IJM, and stakeholders outside of the program.
It will be required as part of the consultancy to develop a detailed methodological framework and work schedule, and to ensure an objective, transparent and impartial assessment of the program.
IJM will make documents available for desk review, including the project’s design documents (narrative concept note, logic model, project timeline, etc.), the project’s monitoring and evaluation plan, complete monitoring data, project monitoring tools, and project deliverables (e.g., developed curricula, reference guides, written reports, etc.).
Project Evaluation Questions
The project evaluation should consider aspects of relevance, engagement of stakeholders, quality, efficiency, and sustainability. Evaluation questions will be finalized in consultation with IJM and include the following for the project period of October 2019 to August 2021:
- Was the project appropriately aligned with the relevant strategies of the Ghanaian and US governments for addressing human trafficking? How did the project contribute to the development and implementation of appropriate stakeholder plans and strategies?
- Were the activities and outputs of the project consistent with the intended outcomes and objectives?
- How well did the project anticipate and adapt to changes in the operating environment?
Engagement of Stakeholders
- How well did the project engage relevant stakeholders in all phases the project, from design to evaluation?
- Were all relevant stakeholders included? Were any stakeholders excluded or favored, if any?
- To what extent has the program achieved its intended outputs, and outcomes? If not achieved, what progress was made towards these results?
- What are the reasons for the achievement or non-achievement of program results?
- Did the project have effective monitoring mechanisms in place to measure progress towards results? How well did it use project information to adapt?
- What lessons learned, best practices, or recommendations should be considered by IJM or other child protection organizations?
- To what level of efficiency was the project’s implementation methodology and process?
- How has the working relationship and coordinator of the relevant public justice system (PJS) institutions changed over the life of the project to appropriately address human trafficking?
- To what extent do public justice system actors targeted by the project have increased capacity to perform their relevant roles in combatting human trafficking?
- To what extent has the program built political support for a sustained public justice system response to human trafficking?
- How replicable is the work of the project? Did the project identify services or models that can be scaled in future projects and/or adopted by others?
IJM plans to select a consultancy team and finalize the consultancy contract latest by mid-July, 2021. The contract is scheduled to be completed, including presentation of the final report, no later than September 30, 2021.
The consultancy will be divided into four phases:
- Phase 1: Inception (2 weeks; August 2021) – desk review of existing program documents, program orientation and planning meetings between the consultant and IJM, work plan, and finalization of methodology and data collection tools. Prior to moving on to Phase 2, the consultancy team will present an inception report detailing their understanding of the RFP, the proposed methodological approach, work schedule and timeline.
- Phase 2: Data collection (3 weeks; August-September 2021) – field visits and stakeholder interviews.
- Phase 3: Data cleaning and analysis (1 week, September 2021) – presentation of preliminary findings and conduct follow-up interviews.
- Phase 4: Report finalization and dissemination (2 weeks, September 2021) – finalization and presentation of the evaluation report, including an IJM management response (if needed).
The lead consultant will have the overall responsibility for the quality and timely submission of all deliverables as specified below:
- Inception report (Research approach, work plan, and methodology) – The inception report should include proposed research approach and methodology; final research questions; data collection instruments to answer the evaluation questions; sampling strategy; limitations to the evaluation methodology; and a work plan and timetable. The inception report should also include a project desk review.
- Final project evaluation report – Written presentation of findings for key internal and external stakeholders.
Team Composition and Required Skills and Experience
IJM requires a team of at least two evaluators. If an International institution is applying, at least one member must be a Ghanaian national. Candidates may submit applications individually or as a complete team. IJM will select the consultancy team leader (“Lead Consultant”) based on the strongest combination of project management skills; expertise in evaluation design and methods in a low-income country context; and expertise in criminology, public justice, and rule of law reform. The Lead Consultant should be fluent in English. Consultants should have experience in data collection, data management, and analysis. The Lead Consultant may be supported in basic research activities by lower-level personnel. Consultants must agree to maintain the confidentiality of survivors and adhere to IJM’s safeguarding policies.
If applying individually, the Lead Consultant will be given the opportunity to interview other team member candidates short-listed by IJM and offer input and recommendations regarding their qualifications and ultimate suitability for the team. IJM will manage this evaluation under a single contract. The Lead Consultant will be responsible for compensation and other arrangements with his or her team.
The consultants will not act as representatives of any party and must remain independent and impartial. The evaluators must not have been involved in the design and/or implementation, supervision and coordination of the program, nor have benefited from the program under evaluation.
IJM will assign an IJM Project Manager to provide desk review materials to the evaluation team, review the inception report, liaise with key stakeholders, review the draft report to provide comment, and provide logistical support to the evaluation team.
IJM will comment on and approve the selection of the evaluation consultants, provide input on the evaluation methodology and research instruments, provide clearance of the inception report, comment on the draft report, endorse the quality of the final report, and support the process of issuing a management response, if needed.
Key stakeholders will be selected from IJM management, beneficiaries, and partner organizations and governments. The key stakeholders will be invited to provide support and insights throughout the consultancy process, comment on the draft reports, note the final report, attend the presentation of evaluation results, if possible, and take note of the implementation of recommendations.
The Lead Consultant is ultimately responsible for carrying out the desk review, drafting and finalizing the inception report, incorporating relevant comments, leading and coordinating the consultancy process, ensuring that all aspects of the terms of reference are fulfilled, drafting the summative evaluation report and finalizing the summative evaluation based on comments received, including a management response in the final program evaluation report, and presenting the findings and recommendations to key stakeholders.
Request for Proposal Timeline / Application
Qualified candidates or candidate teams should submit their application on or before June 11, 2021, 5:00 PM Greenwich Mean Time.
The application should contain:
- Cover letter explaining qualification, experience, and competence of the consultant or each consultancy team member for this specific evaluation.
- Resume package, containing resumes for all team members if applying as a team (no more than 4 pages per resume).
- Proposal of potential study methodology not to exceed 3 pages in length, single spaced, one-inch margins, in Times New Roman font. The final study methodology will be finalized after the consultant is hired, oriented, and has a greater understanding of IJM’s program and the available data.
- Financial proposal, which should show the breakdown of the evaluation cost, including the consultant’s rate, international or domestic travel, per diems, and any other possible costs. Assume no more than 14 days in-country in Ghana if traveling internationally.
Completed applications, as well as requests for clarification or questions, should be submitted by PDF and emailed with the subject line “J/TIP Project Evaluation Proposal” to: email@example.com