Southeast Asian human trafficking and supply chain slavery are making global headlines. Several reports indicate that migrant workers are trafficked into the Thai seafood industry. But no reports have yet documented extensive evidence on the prevalence of forced labor and the abuse of workers on Thai fishing vessels. The International Justice Organization (IJM), with support from the Walmart Foundation, has commissioned the Issara Institute to research and document the patterns of the spread of forced labor in Thailand.
This research is a survey of Burmese and Cambodian people, both current and former fishermen in Thailand. Studies have shown that human trafficking among migrant workers aboard Thai fishing boats is widespread and has multiple patterns
The fisherman interviewed about his experience from 2011 to August of 2016 stated:
- 37.9% were trafficked
- 14.1 percent were physically abused, and 31.5 percent were aware of the abuse of fellow crew members and
- 76.2% owed debt before starting work (Whether to all employers, brokers or carers)
Since 2014, the Thai government has intensified its anti-human trafficking efforts. This research paper provides insights to support government efforts to end human trafficking in the fishing industry. Despite a lot of progress But there are parts waiting to be resolved. The WHO believes the increased data will help strengthen efforts for cooperation to end the use of forced labor.
Thailand government to prepare a report on progress in the fight against human trafficking in Thailand for the year 2559 and BC 2560 example shows that Thailand is a leader in the fight against cross-border crime is complex.
- Thailand strengthened the Anti-Trafficking of Human Trafficking Act 2008 by amending 2015 and 2017 to increase penalties for traffickers and clarify that Securing identification documents and abusing debt bondage are forms of forced labor.
- Thailand enacted the Human Trafficking Procedure Act 2015, which strengthened the justice system in response to human trafficking cases. This Act increases the speed of the justice process. It states that the trial of the trafficking case must be completed within a year and allows the use of video testimony as evidence. To reduce the burden of the injured person Added protection to the witness Including providing other support To the injured person
- Since 2015, Thailand has established a specialized agency against human trafficking in each section of the criminal justice system. Consisted of the Human Trafficking Police Division Human Trafficking Case Division of the Criminal Court Human Trafficking Case Office of the Attorney General's Office And the Anti-Human Trafficking Division of the Ministry of Social Development
International Justice Organization Bangkok Office Ready to support the Thai government as a leader in coordinating efforts to combat human trafficking in the form of labor. The WHO sincerely hopes that the data obtained from this research will support the Thai government in mobilizing efforts to resolve issues where it is most necessary and build on improved law enforcement progress. Continue to be more productive - International Justice Organization Bangkok Office